Co-Morbidities & Health Risks of Obesity
If you have been diagnosed as morbidly obese you should know it
isn't just about appearance. It is also a serious health concern.
Several studies confirm that morbid obesity, (the clinical definition
of morbid obesity is used if a patient is more than 100 pounds
overweight, or has a BMI greater than 40), link to BMI Chart, is a
disease, not a disorder of will power, as sometimes implied.
The physiological, biochemical biochemical and genetic evidence is
overwhelming that morbid obesity is a complex disorder. You may have
this disorder because of several reasons including heredity, cultural,
socioeconomic and/or psychological factors.
Being overweight increases health and wellness risks, including
potentially fatal diseases, such as:
- high blood pressure
- respiratory difficulties
- low back pain
- bladder control problems
- high cholesterol
- heart disease
- gall bladder disease
- sleep apnea
- certain cancers
- severe heartburn
- menstrual irregularities/infertility
- psychological disorders
Obesity is the second leading cause of preventable
death in the United States.
A 12 year follow-up study of 336,442 men and 419,060 women found
that the mortality rates for men who weighed 50% more than they should
increased approximately 200%. In the same weight group, the mortality
was increased 500% for diabetics and 400% for those with digestive
Women included in this study who weighed more than 50% of their
recommended weight also had an increased mortality rate of 200%.
Female diabetics in the study had an increased mortality risk of 800%,
and those women with digestive tract disease were 300% more likely to
die from it than women of normal weight.
Clearly overweight people of both sexes tend to die sooner than
their leaner contemporaries. According to the American Obesity
Association, obese individuals have a 50% to 100% increased risk of
death compared to individuals of normal weight, with 300,000 to
587,000 deaths associated with obesity each year.
Link to American
Obesity in America is increasing at an unprecedented rate causing
health professionals to label obesity a national epidemic. Spurred by
sedentary lifestyles and unhealthy diets, approximately 60% of
American adults are overweight (those with a BMI of more than 25), 22%
are obese, registering a BMI of more than 30, and 6% are morbidly
obese having a BMI of more than 40. An astounding 15% of 6 to 19 year
olds are overweight and this number has tripled during the past two
decades. Obesity costs America more than $117 billion per year.